Centrul de Cercetare a Istoriei Relatiilor Internationale si Studii Culturale "Grigore Gafencu"

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Director
Board
Researchers
Fellows
Florin Anghel
Dan Berindei
Ion Calafeteanu
Veniamin Ciobanu
Gabriel Leanca
Francesco Leoncini
Katalin Miklossy
Gheorghe Sbarna
Bogdan Schipor
Claudiu-Lucian Topor
Davide Zaffi
Associates and PhDs
Research projects
Utopia versus realism
Publications
Conferences
"Grigore Gafencu" Award

Dr. Gabriel Leanca

Columbia University

 

Permanent address:   

Str. Sararie 44

Iasi 700083

Romania

Tel: +40-032-210501

Mobile: +40-723-136628

 

E-mail : gabriel_leanca@yahoo.fr ; gl2342@columbia.edu  

 

 

PRESENT POSITION AND EDUCATION:

             

2009-2010                 Fulbright Senior Scholar at Columbia University in the City of New York, United States of America, Dept. of History (August 2009 - March 2010);

                          Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Angers, France under Agence Universitaire de la       

                          Francophonie Scheme (March 2010- August 2010)

2009                 Qualification for the academic title of Maître de Conférences conferred by the Conseil National des Universités (CNU), France, 22nd Section Histoire et civilisations: histoire des mondes modernes et contemporaines

2009                  Lecturer, Dept. of Modern History, ‘Alexandru Ioan Cuza' University, Iasi, Romania  

                          (http://www.uaic.ro); I teach the following disciplines: Historiography (seminar), Modern European

                          History, 18th-19th century (seminar), Historiography (seminar), Modern Romania during the  

                          Second Half of the 19th century (seminar); Francophonie. Culture and International Relations

                          (course for master students), Nineteenth Century Socialism and the Leftwing in Romania (course

                          for master students).

2007                 PhD, University of Bourgogne, Dijon, France and Cuza University, Iasi, Romania (Très Honorable avec les Félicitations du jury à l’unanimité), supervised by Professor Serge Wolikow and Professor Gheorghe Cliveti. The title of my PhD was ‘’Romanians and French (1829-1859). A Representation Study’’ and it was written in French (386p. +121 annexes)supervisors:

2000-2001         M.A. in International Relations, Faculty of History, `Alexandru Ioan Cuza' University. I defended the master thesis in June session 2001, with grade 10/10, title of the dissertation ‘Victor Place, French consul in the Romanian Principalities 1856-1859’            

1996-2000         B.A. in History, specialization in Modern History (19th century), Faculty of History `Al.I.Cuza' University, Iasi, Romania

 

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS: international history, 19th century French and European history, cultural studies, nationalism and the emergence of public sphere, representation studies, South-east European history, historiography, francophone history and culture.

 

 

WORK IN PROGRESS:

- L’image des Principautés Roumaines en France: diplomatie, récits de voyage et propagande politique (1829-1859) [Representing the Romanian Principalities in France.1798-1859: Diplomacy, Travelling Accounts, and Political Propaganda], a monograph written in French to be submitted for publication (2010, The Edwin Mellen Press, United Kingdom).

- editor of the La Politique Extérieure de Napoléon III, The Proceedings of the International Conference held in Iasi, Romania, 4-5 of June 2009 (Editions L’Harmattan, Paris)

- Not Just Missolonghi: The Ottoman Policy towards Revolution (1848-1849)

- La perception des Roumains en France et l’imaginaire romantique [The Image of Romanians In France during Romanticism]

 

 

PUBLICATIONS

 

 

Refereed articles:

- Leanca, G. 2009 (in press), «Byzance et la modernité roumaine: de la negation à la patrimonialisation symbolique sous l’influence culturelle et politique de la France», Proceedings of the International Conference «La présence de Byzance dans l’Europe du Sud-Est aux époques modernes et contemporaines», École Française d’Athènes Publishing House, 2009 [in French]

- Leanca, G. 2008, ‘Adolphe Billecocq: le portrait d’un philoroumain’ [Adolphe Billecocq: portrait of a philo-romanian] in Doina Spita (ed.), Proceedings of the international conference ‘Journées de la francophonie’, Iasi, 2008, University of Iasi Publishing House, p. 314-325 [in French]

- Leanca, G. 2007, ‘Pour une histoire culturelle des relations internationales : la Moldavie et la Valachie dans la Revue de l’Orient (1843-1856)' [Towards a Cultural History of International History: Moldavia in Walachia in La Revue de l’Orient 1843-1856] in Adrian Cioflanca & Adrian Mihalache (eds.), In Medias Res: Cultural History Studies, Iasi, University of Iasi Publishing House, p. 453-477 [in French]

- Leanca, G. 2005, `Political Culture and Cultural Universe in the Narratives of the French Travellers in the Romanian Principalities (1774-1790)', in Alexandru Zub & Adrian Cioflanca (eds.), Political Culture and Cultural Policies in Modern Romania, University Press, Iasi, p. 99-114. [in Romanian]

- Leanca, G. 2005, `Vasile Alecsandri et la France: A Case Study on the Construction of the Cultural and Political Elite of the Romanian Principalities in the 19th century', in Yearly Journal of the A.D. Xenopol Historical Institute, Iasi, p.157-174 [in Romanian] 

- Leanca, G. 2004, `Cultural geographies and narrative colonisations. Representation Studies in Romanian Historiography', in Yearly Journal of the A.D. Xenopol Historical Institute, Iasi, p. 591-602 [in Romanian]

- Leanca G. 2001, ‘L’imaginaire and the Rewriting of the Modern Romanian History’ In: Gabriel Badarau (ed.)History- A Meditation on the Past, Moldova Publishing House, Iasi, p.231-238. [in Romanian]

 

Non-refereed articles:

- Leanca, G. 2002,  ’The cultural change: a form of censorship’, Contrast, No.11-12, Iasi, p.43-44 [In Romanian]

- Leanca, G.2002, ’’The Future of Macedonia after Ohrid Agreement’’, Contrast, No.10, Iasi, p. 44-45 [in Romanian]

- Leanca, G. 2002, ’Eastern Europe: Ghosts, Images, Mentalities’’, Contrast, journal published by Mathesis Association, Faculty of Philosophy, No.9, Iasi, p.40-42 [In Romanian]

- Leanca, G. 1999, ‘Nicolae Iorga’s view of the eighteenth century’, Optiuni istoriografice, The Bulletin of the Young Historians Association from University “Al.I.Cuza”, Faculty of  History, Iasi, p. 75-81 [in English]

 

Book reviews:

- Leanca, G. 2004-2005, ‘Review: Andras, Carmen: Romania and its Images in British Travelling Literature. A Space of Cultural Boundary’, Südost-Forschungen, München, p.892-894. [in English]

- Leanca, G. 2005, `Review: Zub, Alexandru and Ivanescu, Dumitru: France: a cultural and a political model', Yearly Journal of A.D. Xenopol Institute, Iasi, p. 787-789 [in Romanian]

- Leanca, G. 2004, `Review: Goldsworthy, Vesna: Inventing Ruritania. The Imperialism of Imagination', Caiete de antropologie istorica, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, p.269-271 [in Romanian]

- Leanca, G. 2003, `Review: Judt, Tony, The Burden of Responsibility: Blum, Camus, Aron and the French Twentieth Century', in The Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, no.6, winter 2003, p.203-207 [in Romanian]

 

Other contributions:

- Leanca, G. 2006-2007: I contributed to the course content of Module 2 of Distance Learning MA in Interpretive Studies, Dept. of Museum Studies, University of Leicester, U.K.; contribution title: ’Travelling literature as a historical source. Preliminary remarks’ 

- Leanca, G. 2004, `New Approaches in Political Anthropology', foreword for the Romanian translation of the book of Georges Minois, Le couteau et le poison. L’assasinat politique en Europe (1400-1800) [The Knife and the Poison. Political Assassinations in Europe, 1400-1800], Fayard, 1997, Institutul European Publishing House, Iasi, p.293-302. [in Romanian]

         

 

 

 

MEMBER IN THE FOLLOWING INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH NETWORKS:

 

- ‘The Military Occupations in the Balkans’ (Les occupations militaires dans les Balkans) University Lile III, Ecole Française d’Athènes, Institut Français des Etudes Anatoliennes, a section of the European research program entitled Les Occupations Militaires en Europe, director of the project : Jean-François Chanet (Lille III, IRHiS) ; Anne Couderc (EfA) and Alexandre Toumarkine (IfEA); duration of the project 2008-2011.

- ‘Comparative History Project’, Central European University, Dept. of History, Pasts-Institute of Historical Studies; project coordinators: Constantin Iordachi, Balász Trencsényi, and Péter Apor, duration of the project, 2008-2009.

- ‘Words and Politics: Pamphlets and Propaganda Texts in Romanian Principalities in the Nineteenth Century’ financed by CNCSIS (National Research Foundation). Project coordinator: Mihai Cojocariu, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iasi, Faculty of History Dept. of Modern History, duration of the project 2009-2012. 

 

TEACHING (2003-2009)

 

Francophonie. Culture and International Relations (course for master students) The lectures analyze and discuss the following topics: Francophonie : defining the topic; Understanding L’Europe Française; The French exception: lessons from the 19th century; The Francophone Identity of the Romanian culture; The Concept of Globalisation; «Culture and Imperialism»: la francophonie from a postcolonial perspective; France: puissance traditionnelle de contrainte or puissance d’attraction et de séduction culturelle et idéologique ; La Francophonie: International Institutions     

 

Nineteenth Century Socialism and the Leftwing in Romania (course for master students) Topics: The Intellectual Origins of Socialism: the French Revolution; Romanticism, Socialism, and Revolution in the French Political Culture during the First Half of the Nineteenth Century; Jules Michelet and Karl Marx: understanding the nature and the rights of the people; Utopian movement in the Romanian Principalities before 1848; The 1848 Revolution in Romanian Principalities and the Socialist Ideas; «Organic solidarities/organized solidarities»: defining Romanian political modernity in the second half of the nineteenth century; Populism, realism, and nostalgia: understanding the Romanian rural society and its problems in the nineteenth century; Agitators, revolutionaries, refugees, public intellectuals and politicians: the socialist movement Romania before and after the founding of the Social-Democratic Party of the Workers from Romania (1893); Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea’s analysis of the social conflict in the Romanian society; Constantin Stere on the construction of Romanian Modernity; The Peasant Uprising of 1907 in Romania and its image in the eyes of contemporaries and in historiography

 

Modern Europe, 18th – 19th centuries (seminar)

The chronological sweep of the lectures extends from the seventeenth century to the second half of the nineteenth century. It includes the following topics: Political Regimes in Europe (18th -19th centuries); The French Revolution: Cultural, Political Origins, and Aftermaths of the Crisis; The Congress of Vienna, the Golden Era of the European Concert; The Eastern Question during the First Half of the 19th century; The Crimean War and the Treaty of Paris.

 

Historiography (seminar)

This subject is an introduction to modern historiography. I explored a number of lecture topics as follows:     Romantic historiography in France and Romania : Jules Michelet, Nicolae Balcescu and Mihail Kogalniceanu; ‘L’École des Annales’ : Marc Bloch and Fernand Braudel; Historians of the French Revolution: from the classical interpretation to the revisionist perspective: Albert Soboul, Albert Mathiez, François Furet, Maurice Agulhon; Imagining the Other: East-West symbolic geographies: Edward Said, Maria Todorova and Larry Wolff; Alexandru D. Xenopol, Nicolae Iorga and Georges Bratianu: the modernist paradigm in Romanian historiography; Contemporary Romanian historiography: identity, history and ideology.

 

Modern Romania during the Second Half of the 19th century (seminar)

Topics: The political system in Modern Romania at the end of the 19th century (Political Parties, Liberalism and Conservatism; The Hohenzollern Monarchy); Romanian Society 1866-1914(peasantry and bourgeoisie); Romania in the Context of World Politics 1866-1914(The independence, Romania in the Continental System of Alliances, The First World War)

 

 

 

 

In France as ERASMUS lecturer, I taught at the University of Dijon, Bourgogne a course on urban culture in Romania during the 19th century (La culture urbaine roumaine au XIXe siècle : le cas de Bucarest) (undergraduate level, sociology 30/11/2008-07/12/2008).   

 

DISSERTATIONS SUPERVISED:

 

- ‘France and the Romanian Principalities: crossed images in the Context of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Expansion’ (2008, R. Tanasa)

- ‘The Constitutional Party 1891-1907’ (2008, C. Trofin)

- ‘The French Diplomat Edouard Antoine Thouvenel and the Romanian Principalities’ (2009, S. Ciobanu)

- ‘The Russian Military Occupation of the Romanian Principalities seen by the French Political Correspondence (1829-1834)’ (2009, M. Clopotel)  

 

GRANTS AND AWARDS:

 

- 2010, Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Angers, France under Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie Scheme, project title: ‘Autour des corps intermédiaries dans les relations internationales: l’Empire ottoman et ses composantes pendant le XIXe siècle (1798-1860)’ supervised by Professor Jean-Michel MATZ.

- 2009-2010, Fulbright Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship at Columbia University in the City of New York, USA, project title: ‘Empires and Nations: Towards a Comparative Approach in the Study of the Eastern Question’, supervised by Professor Christine PHILLIOU.

- 2010, Course Development Competition Grant in the framework of the Central European University-Open Society Institute-Comparative History Project.  

- 2009, research undertaken at BNF Paris, France (1-15th of August 2009), partially funded by CNCSIS, Romania.

- 2009, 8th -15th of March 2009, Central European University-Curriculum Resource Center, Budapest, Hungary grant for “Teaching Comparative History in Eastern Europe: theory, methods and case studies” session and for revising and introducing a new stream of courses on Comparative History in Southeastern/Eastern Europe.    

- April 2007, April and July-Aug. 2006: Research scholarship, École Française d’Athènes, Greece. Research conducted in the John Gennadius library and archives, American School of Classical Studies, Athens. Research continued over summer 2006 at the invitation of the French School.

- Nov. 2005: Grant in support of doctoral research at the Centre Georges Chevrier, Ecole Doctorale 202, University of Bourgogne, Dijon, France. Further research conducted in the archives of MAE France, Paris and the BNF.

- Sept-Oct.2004 and April 2003:Scholarships of the Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (perfectionnement à la recherche) at MSH, Faculté des Lettres, Langues et Sciences Humaines in Angers,France. Research conducted in the Archives Diplomatiques (Ministry of French Foreign Affaires), Nantes, France.

 

 

CONFERENCE TALKS/SPEECHES:

In preparation:

- ‘Dominateurs et dominés : autour de la construction nationale roumaine pendant les occupations militaires russes et turques (1821-1853)’ for the international conference to be held in Athens, École Française d’Athènes, Occupations militaires et constructions nationales dans les Balkans (1821-1922), 20-21 of May 2010.

Presented:

- ‘Conservatisme et innovation dans la politique orientale de Napoléon III (1850-1860)’ at the international conference held in Iasi, Romania entitled La Politique Extérieure de Napoléon III/The Foreign Policy of Napoleon III, 4th -5th of June 2009.

- ‘La France et l’Union des Principautés Roumaines: une nouvelle lecture est-elle possible?’ [France and Union of the Romanian Principalities: A New Reading?] at the Journées de la Francophonie, XIVème édition, Iasi, Romania, 27th of March, 2009, Dept. of French, University Cuza, [in French]

- ‘Le consul français Victor Place à Iasi et la diplomatie du Second Empire’ [The French Consul Victor Place and the Diplomacy of the Second Empire], Centre Culturel Français, Iasi, 12th of February 2009- key note speaker

-  ‘La fête et les régimes de l’historicité : regards français sur les principautés roumaines (XVIIIe-XIXe siècles)’ [Public Holidays as Forms of Historicisation : French Perceptions of the Romanian Principalities 18th-19th Centuries] in the framework of the workshop entitled «Les fêtes publiques au-delà des fêtes de souveraineté et des fêtes d’opposition : XIXe siècle» [Public Holydays Beyond Political et Opposition Festivals during the Nineteenth Century], 3rd of December 2008, University of Bourgogne, Dijon, UMR CNRS 5605. 

- ‘La politique extérieure de Napoléon III : de la question de Lieux Saints au démantèlement de l’influence russe en Turquie (1850-1856)’ [The Foreign Policy of Napoleon III: From the Question of the Holy Places to the dismantling of the Russian influence in Turkey.1850-1856] at the international conference entitled «Napoléon III, son époque et son héritage», 9th -10th of October 2008, Department of Modern History and Mediterranean Studies, University of Szeged, Hungary [in French]

- ‘«Byzance» dans les Principautés de Moldavie et de Valachie sous l’influence du modèle institutionnel français’ [Byzance in the Principalities of Moldavia and Walachia under the Influence of the French Political Model] at the international conference entitled ‘La présence de Byzance dans l’Europe du Sud-Est aux époques modernes et contemporaines’, 22nd -24th of September 2008, EfA, Athens, Greece [in French]

- University of Angers, MSH, France : ‘Les Roumains dans l’imaginaire politique français à la fin du siècle des Lumières’, [Romanians in French Political Imagination at the End of the 18th Century] 17th of September 2008 [in French], key note speaker

- «La France dans la querelle des Lieux Saints pendant les préliminaires diplomatiques de la guerre de Crimée : les ambitions bonapartistes ou la tradition catholique» [France and the Question of the Holy Places during the diplomatic preliminaries of the Crimean War: bonapartist ambitions or catholic propaganda] in the framework of the Twenty-Second Annual Conference on French History, Society for the Study of French History (based at St. Andrews University),  3-4 July 2008, Aberystwyth University, Wales, UK [in French]

- ‘Challenging the national paradigm in the study of the Eastern Question: theoretical and methodological aspects’ at Sofia, 17-18 April 2008, organized by Pasts. Inc. Center for Historical Study, Central European University, in the framework of the Comparative History Project, CFP: New approaches to Comparative History in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe [in English]

- ‘Adolphe Billecocq: le portrait d’un philo-roumain’ [Adolphe Billecocq : portrait of a philo-roumanian] at the Journées de la Francophonie, XIIIème édition, Iasi, Roumanie, 27-29 mars, 2008, Department of French, University Cuza, Iasi, Romania [in French]

- ‘Les occupations militaires des principautés de Moldavie et de Valachie (XVIII-XIXes) : un bilan historiographique et nouvelles perspectives’ [The Military Occupations of the Principalities of Moldavia and Walachia : the historiography of the problem], workshop held in Athens, 17-19 March 2008 in the framework of Les Occupations Militaires dans les Balkans, EfA, IfEA. [in French]

- ‘L’insulte (en) politique: les données d’un approche historique en Roumanie’ [Politics and Insults: mapping the field in Romanian historiography], Socrates Teaching Mobility in Dijon, France, University of Bourgogne, 27th of May-3nd of June 2007 [in French]

- ‘Les Roumains et les Français, 1829-1859. Images réciproques. «Manières de faire»’ [Romanians and French. 1829-1859. The methodology of the Research], workshop at the Doctoral School LISIT in the framework of ‘Identités, images et représentations de l’autre’ [Identities, Images, and the Representations of Otherness], University of Bourgogne, the 29th of May, 2006, paper presented in the framework of a Socrates Teaching Mobility in Dijon, France, 23rd of May-2nd of June 2006 [in French]

- ‘Les usages politiques de la mémoire : les récits des voyageurs français dans les Principautés Roumaines 1787-1848 et leur patrimonialisation historiographique’ [The Political Uses of the Memory: the French Travel Accounts 1787-1848 in the Romanian Principalities and Their Perception in Historiography], paper presented at the francophone conference ’Mémoire et histoire en Europe Centrale et Orientale’ [Memory and History in East-Central Europe], EPHE, Paris, France- Faculty of Arts, Zagreb, Croatia, 18th – 23rd of January 2006 with support from Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie [in French]

- ’Vasile Alecsandri and the Romanian Propaganda in France (1848-1859)’, paper presented at the Yearly session of Faculty of History, University Al.I.Cuza, Iasi, Romania (26th of October 2005) [in Romanian]

- ’Traveling literature as an intellectual exercise’, British Council Iasi, Romania, invited as a key note speaker in a debate on Eastern European traveling literature, November 2005 [in Romanian]

- ’The Representation Studies in Romanian Historiography’, paper presented at the conference held in Graz (Austria) with the following title ’Becoming citizens of United Europe: Anthropological and Historical  Aspects of EU Enlargement in Southeast Europe’, 20th-23rd of February 2003, organized by the International Association for Southeast European Anthropology (InSEA)and the Department of Southeast European History, University of Graz

- ’Ethnicity, Minorities and Marginal groups in Romania. Lessons from a Deconstructed History’, Civic Education Project Conference ’The End of State? Regionalism and Globalization’,  2nd -5th of March 2000, Cluj-Napoca, Romania [in English]

-’The 18th Century in the Writings of Nicolae Iorga’’, 3rd -5th of December, 1999, Second national student Conference ’Historical Research at the Boundary of the Millenniums’, Galati, Romania [in Romanian]

- ’Considerations Regarding the Beginnings of Romanian Modernity’, Summer School ’What Future will bring? Religions, Modernity, Ideologies’, 9th -22nd of August 1999 (Project funded by Open Society Network Romania) [in Romanian]

 

SUMMER SCHOOLS AND WORKSHOPS ATTENDED:

  - ’Appartenances, Citoyennetes et Identités Multiples’ [Belongings, Citizenships and Multiple Identities], summer school held in Dijon, France, 5th -10th of September 2004, organized by University of Bourgogne, MSH [in French]         

- ’Post-conflict Management in Multicultural Societies’, Ohrid Summer University, Macedonia, (10.06.2004-04.07.2004) organized by EuroBalkan Institute, Skopje, supported by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation [in English]

- ’Workshop for New Doctoral Research on the History of Southeast Europe’, Sofia, Bulgaria, 26th -28th of June 2003, organized by Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeast Europe (Thessaloniki) and Center for Advanced Study (Sofia) [in English]

- ’Balkan Youth for Tolerance-The situation of ethnic, religious and national minorities in the Balkans; Sofia, Belgrade, Sarajevo, Timisoara, Cluj-Napoca, Bucharest, Ruse, Plovdiv, Sofia’, 6th – 26th of September 2002, multilateral exchange program supported by the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe [in English]

- ’Conflict Management and Conflict Resolution’, Ohrid Summer University, Macedonia, 9th-30th of June 2002, organized and sponsored by HESP Program of  OSI Budapest, Foundation Open Society Institute-Macedonia, Pax Christi- Netherlands [in English]

 

OTHER ACADEMIC/MANAGERIAL ACTIVITIES:

- 2009, assessor for the Fulbright Junior Award for master study in the United States (Romanian-US Commission Bucharest)    

-2009, June 4-5, organiser of the international conference entitled The Foreign Policy of Napoleon III (in collaboration with José-Maria Queiros, Centre Culturel Français de Iasi)

- 2009 member in the organising committee for the international conference Journées de la Francophonie, Iasi, Romania, 26-28 March 2009, Faculty of Letters/Faculty of History, University Alexandru Ioan Cuza.

- 2006, March, ’’The French Community in Iasi”, consulting activity for the exhibition which took place at the French Cultural Centre in Iasi, Romania

 

FOREIGN LANGUAGES:

- French, very good speaking, writing and reading (Test de Connaissance de Français, February 2006)

- English, very good speaking, writing and reading (TOEFL test in 1999, 283 pts. from 250, minimum required at that time for academic writing)

- Greek, beginner’s level

 

MEMBERSPHIPS IN SCIENTIFIC ORGANISATIONS:

- ‘American Historical Association’

- ‘Commission of History of International Relations’    

- ‘The Society for the Study of French History’, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

- ’Association des amis des archives diplomatiques’, Paris, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France

 

News

7.04.2014

„Grigore Gafencu” Research Center for the History of International Relations and Cultural Studies announces that the conference dealing with Romania’s foreign policy from World War I to 1975 as seen from the perspective of the dichotomy Realism versus Idealism has been postponed for 22 May 2015 due to the cuts of budget by the financing institution.

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